At the end of the First Gulf War, Allies established the safe haven in northern Iraq also known as Kurdistan. Amid the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from three northern provinces, Iraqi Kurdistan emerged as an autonomous entity inside Iraq. During the invasion of the Iraq in 2003, the efforts organized by the Kurdish fighters called Peshmerga with the U.S. military became the northern front of the invasion.
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4-year-old Bawan Ahmad Salih holds his toy AK-47 assault rifle at his uncle's house in border town of Kalar Monday, April 7, 2003. Real AKs and RPGs rest against a wall in their living room. Weapons of war are often seen in open at many household, children growing up
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American soldiers try to secure the government cotton ginnery from remaining soldiers Saddam's Republican Guards and looters in Kirkuk, Northern Iraq.
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As the forces of Saddam Hussein retreat, Arab villagers near Kirkuk armed themselves, afraid of retaliation majority Kurds. Under Saddam, Arabs population were intentionally resettled in order to control Kirkuk, the important city with a large oil field.
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US soldier body search Iraqis before crossing a bridge at the city of Tikrit soon after the American forces took a full control of the city. Tikrit is a hometown of Saddam Hussein where one his palace sits next to Tigris River.
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Kurdish Peshmerga fighters fire Katyusha multiple rocket launcher into Saddam Hussein's positions.
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Kurds cheer for the fall of Saddam Hussein on the street of Sulaymaniyah.
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Diagram explaining different explosives at the camp of Ansar al Islam, Islamic fundamentalist group established themselves in 2001 in Sargat. The battle against the group by Kurdish Peshmerga fighters and the U.S. military known as Operation Viking Hammer, led to the death of a substantial number of militants.
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Zubayda Sadiq Khani, 63, grieves for her relative died in the chemical attack by Iraqi Army 15 at Halabja Martyrs Cemetery. Town of Halabja sits by the mountain where the PUK (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan) and Ansar al-Islam, Islamic militant group are fighting, and sound of shelling could be heard as people grieve for their loved ones.
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Kurdish man tries to smash the face of Saddam Hussein's statue on the day the City of Kirkuk fell.
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Kurdish children found a new use of Saddam's statue, making into a playground at a main square in northern Iraqi town of Kirkuk.
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A boy run to US M-1 tank in Kirkuk where Saddam’s forces recently retreated.
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Brian Clark of the 1st Light Armored Division of the U.S. Army does his chore at Saddam Hussein's palace in the city of Tikrit.
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Wearing years of fighting and hardships, Kurdish man leaves the village of Chamchamal, which borders the area controlled by Saddam Hussain. Town residents began evacuating their houses due to the looming war, in fear of chemical attack.
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Disfigured portrait of Saddam Hussein in the City of Kirkuk.
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Posters of late Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri is prominently displayed on the street of Beirut, Lebanon's capital Thursday, May 31, 2007. UN Security council passed the resolution to allow the establishment of a tribunal to try the suspects of the killing of Hariri and 22 others by a car bomb in Feb. 2005.
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A woman mourn the death of Antoine Ghanem, an anti-Syrian lawmaker in Beirut.
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Powerful car bomb killed an anti-Syrian lawmaker Antoine Ghanem in a Christian suburb of Beirut on Wednesday, September 19, 2007, a week ahead of Presidential election. Ghanem's death means the ruling and pro-western alliance of Sunni, Christian and Druze factions has slim majority of 68 in the 128-member parliament against a Shi'ite-Christian opposition that includes Hezbollah which is backed by Syria and Iran.
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With a pistol on his hip, a supporter of Phalangist Christian Party tries to keep the road clear for the funeral procession of slain anti-Syrian lawmaker Antoine Ghanem and his body guards in a Christian suburb of Beirut Friday, September 21, 2007.
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Anti-government militia fighter signals to give him a cover fire before he crosses the street during a crash against pro-government fighters in Beirut, Lebanon Thursday May 8, 2008.
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The clashes between Fatah al-Islam, Al Qaida-inspired militants, and Lebanese Army erupted on May 20 around Nahr al-Bared Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon and the nearby port city of Tripoli; rapidly deteriorating into the deadliest internal fighting Lebanon has seen since the 1975 – 1990 civil war.
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Palestinian Refugees brave the sniper fires and managed to flee the fighting in Nahr Al-Bared refugee camp in northern Lebanon Saturday, May 26, 2007.
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One of the members of Lebanese Parliament arrives at the Parliament in Beirut under heavy security in Tuesday, September 25, 2007. After a brief meeting, they announced the postponement of a session to elect a new president until next month after the legislature failed to have enough lawmakers to elect the President because of a Hezbollah-led opposition boycott. Fears of another attack against anti-Syrian lawmakers were high after the killing of Antoine Ghanem last week, which fueled the accusation against Syria being behind the political killings which left 5 MPs dead and Rafiq Hariri, Prime Minister.
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A boy dressed in military outfit is a part of tens of thousands gathered waved yellow Hezbollah flag at the welcoming ceremony of 5 released prisoners being held at Beirut's southern suburb Wed. July 16, 2008. Five prisoners, most notably Samir Kuntar, were swapped by Israel in exchange for the bodies of two soldiers who were taken during the July War in 2006. Kuntar was 16 when he was captured, and was in captivity for 29 years.
SOS from Iraq
Walking through the 2nd floor of Red Crescent hospital in Amman, Jordan, you could wear witness to the devastation the war and ensuing violence have brought upon the civilian population on a daily basis in Iraq. Because of the curfew, lack of safety and medical supplies, hospitals inside Iraq could not perform long and complicated surgeries. So they set up a surgical program in cooperation with the Jordanian Red Crescent Hospital in Amman where they perform reconstructive surgery for Iraqi patients who have been handicapped by injuries or incomplete procedures free of charge, including transportation from Iraq and back after the recovery.
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Abdullah, 7, is playing with balloons in a children’s room created in a local hotel where the patients spend time to recover. The day after his grandfather was shot to death, Abdullah, then 6, stood with his father at the funeral tent in Baghdad. After a bomb exploded at a market down the street, neighbors began rushing toward the scene. Then the second attack came to them near the tent they were standing by.
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Abdullah's father keeps the photo of Abdullah before the car bomb explosion.
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Dr. Andre Eckardt, German surgeon flew in for Abdullah and other patients, consults with his father through an interpreter before the surgery.
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Dr. Andre Eckardt, German surgeon flew in for Abdullah and other patients, consults with another Iraqi surgeon for the case of Abdullah March 4, 2008.
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Father of Abdullah reads passage in Koran and pray before surgery March 4, 2008.
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Dr. Eckardt and two Iraqi surgeons perform facial surgery on Abdullah March 4, 2008.
At the end of the First Gulf War, Allies established the safe haven in northern Iraq also known as Kurdistan. Amid the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from three northern provinces, Iraqi Kurdistan emerged as an autonomous entity inside Iraq. During the invasi...
SOS from Iraq Walking through the 2nd floor of Red Crescent hospital in Amman, Jordan, you could wear witness to the devastation the war and ensuing violence have brought upon the civilian population on a daily basis in Iraq. Because of the curfew, ...